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Bread Baking 101: Peasant Bread


  • Author: alexandra

Description

The bowls:

This is a sticky, no-knead dough, so, some sort of baking vessel, such as Pyrex bowls (about 1-L or 1-qt) or ramekins for mini loaves is required to bake this bread. You can use a bowl that is about 2 qt or 2 L in size to bake off the whole batch of dough (versus splitting the dough in half), but you’ll need to bake the loaf for about 15 minutes longer than suggested in the recipe. The cheapest, most widely available 1-qt bowl is the Pyrex 322. Sold here, too.

Yeast:

I buy SAF Instant Yeast in bulk from Amazon. I store it in my fridge or freezer, and it lasts forever. If you are using the packets of yeast (the kind that come in the 3-fold packets), just go ahead and use a whole packet — It’s 2.25 teaspoons. I have made the bread with active dry, rapid rise, and instant yeast, and all varieties work. If you are interested in buying yeast in bulk, here you go: SAF instant yeast and Red Star Baking Yeast (use this if you prefer to stick to active-dry, though I highly recommend using instant). The beauty of instant yeast is that there is no need to do the proofing step — you can add the yeast directly to the flour. I never use active-dry yeast anymore.

Warm Spot to Rise:

This is how to create a slightly warm spot for your bread to rise in: Turn the oven on for one minute total, then turn it off — it likely won’t get above 100ºF. The goal is to just create a slightly warm environment for the bread. You should be able to put your hands on the oven grates without burning them.

Troubleshooting:

For questions on high-altitude baking, see this post.

Several commenters have had trouble with the second rise, and this seems to be caused by the shape of the bowl they are letting the dough rise in the second time around. Two hours for the second rise is too long. If you don’t have a 1-qt bowl, bake 3/4 of the dough in a loaf pan and bake the rest off in muffin tins or a popover pan — I recently made 6 mini loaves in a popover pan. The second rise should take no more than 30 minutes.

Also, you can use as many as 3 cups of whole wheat flour, but the texture changes considerably. I suggest trying with all all-purpose or bread flour to start and once you get the hang of it, start trying various combinations of whole wheat flour and/or other flours. Also, measure scant cups of flour if you are not measuring by weight: scoop flour into the measuring cup using a separate spoon or measuring cup; level off with a knife. The flour should be below the rim of the measuring cup.


Ingredients

  • 4 cups (512 g | 1 lb. 2 oz) unbleached all-purpose flour
  • 2 teaspoons kosher salt
  • 2 cups lukewarm water (made by mixing 1 1/2 cups cold water with 1/2 cup boiling water)
  • 2 teaspoons sugar
  • 2 teaspoons instant or active-dry yeast
  • room temperature butter, about 2 tablespoons

Instructions

  1. Mixing the dough: If you are using instant yeast: In a large mixing bowl, whisk together the flour, salt, sugar, and instant yeast. Add the water. Mix until the flour is absorbed. If you are using active-dry yeast: In a small mixing bowl, dissolve the sugar into the water. Sprinkle the yeast over top. There is no need to stir it up. Let it stand for about 10 to 15 minutes or until the mixture is foamy and/or bubbling just a bit — this step will ensure that the yeast is active. Meanwhile, in a large bowl, whisk together the flour and salt. When the yeast-water-sugar mixture is foamy, stir it up, and add it to the flour bowl. Mix until the flour is absorbed.
  2. Cover bowl with a tea towel or plastic wrap and set aside in a warm spot (see notes above) to rise for 1 to 2 hours or until doubled in bulk. (In the winter or if you are letting the bread rise in a cool place, it might take as long as 3 hours to rise.)
  3. Preheat the oven to 425ºF. Grease two 1-qt oven-safe bowls with about a tablespoon of butter in each. Using two forks, punch down your dough, scraping it from the sides of the bowl, which it will be clinging to. As you scrape it down, pull it towards the center, turning it up onto itself to form a rough ball. Then, take your two forks and divide the dough into two equal portions — eye the center of the mass of dough, and starting from the center and working out, pull the dough apart with the two forks. Then scoop up each half and place into your prepared bowls. This part can be a little messy — the dough is very wet and will slip all over the place. Using small forks or forks with short tines makes this easier.
  4. Let the dough rise for about 20 to 30 minutes on the countertop near the oven (or near a warm spot) or until it has risen to just below or above (depending on what size bowl you are using) the top of the bowls. (Note: Do not do the warm-oven trick for the second rise, and do not cover your bowls for the second rise. Simply set your bowls on top of your oven, so that they are in a warm spot. Twenty minutes in this spot usually is enough for my loaves.)
  5. Bake for 15 minutes. Reduce the heat to 375º and bake for 15 to 17 minutes longer. Remove from the oven and turn the loaves out onto cooling racks. If you’ve greased the bowls well, the loaves should fall right out onto the cooling racks. If the loaves look a little pale and soft when you’ve turned them out onto your cooling racks, place the loaves into the oven (outside of their bowls) and let them bake for about 5 minutes longer. Remove from oven and let cool for 10 minutes before cutting.