Cold, refrigerated dough is the secret to making delicious focaccia! Allowing the dough to rest 18 to 24 hours in the fridge yields the best results. This requires only 5 minutes of hands-on time to stir together flour, salt, instant yeast, and water. The focaccia will emerge from the oven pillowy and golden. Video guidance below!

Overnight, refrigerator focaccia bread, freshly baked and sliced.

A few summers ago, I bumped into Richard Bourdon at Berkshire Mountain Bakery. During our chat, he told me, among other things, he would never write a cookbook because he’s always changing his methods.

This shocked me, as I would have thought that after 30+ years of running his renowned bakery, he would know all there is to know about bread baking, that his formula would require zero tinkering.

But his admission reassured me, because I, too, am constantly changing my bread recipes, and I likely won’t stop. For the past few months, I’ve been making the focaccia bread recipe from my cookbook Bread Toast Crumbs, but changing the method: using more yeast, using less yeast, doing longer, slower rises at room temperature, doing longer, slower rises in the refrigerator.

Before I share the details, let’s sing focaccia’s praises a bit more. It’s hard to beat focaccia in the effort-to-reward category. The dough takes 5 minutes to mix together and the resulting bread is soft and pillowy, olive oil-crusted, and golden all around. What’s more, it requires no special equipment, no tricky shaping technique, and no scoring. With focaccia, if you have a 9×13-inch baking pan and your finger tips (for dimpling), you’re good to go.

For those intimidated by bread baking, focaccia is the bread recipe I suggest making first, both for its simplicity and flavor — the recipe below, after all, is adapted from my mother’s simple peasant bread recipe, a recipe that has removed the fear of the bread baking process for many. Once you master it, try your hand at this sourdough focaccia recipe or this simple sourdough bread recipe, both of which require minimal effort but yield spectacular results. And if you are yeast-averse altogether, this simple Irish soda bread is a great beginner’s bread recipe as well.

This post is organized as follows:

A crumb shot of freshly baked focaccia.

What Makes The Best Focaccia?

I’ll spare you all the details of the various experiments and skip straight to what I’ve found creates the best focaccia, one that emerges golden all around, looking like a brain, its surface woven with a winding labyrinth of deep crevices: high hydration, refrigerated dough.

This is nothing novel—many bakers extol the virtues of the cold fermentation process—and it came as no surprise to me either: it was, after all,  past-prime Jim Lahey refrigerated dough that showed me how easy focaccia could be: place cold, several-days-old pizza dough in a well-oiled pan, let it rise for several hours or until it doubles, drizzle with more oil, dimple with your fingers, sprinkle with sea salt, then bake until done.

Employing a refrigerator rise takes time because the cold environment slows everything down initially, and during the second rise, the cold dough takes time to warm to room temperature. The overall effort, however, is very hands-off, and the result is worth it.

As important as refrigerating the dough is using a high hydration dough, meaning a dough with a high proportion of water relative to the flour. The high proportion of water will create a dough with beautiful air pockets throughout. (Incidentally, this is the secret to making excellent pizza dough as well as light, airy sourdough sandwich bread.)

In sum, to make excellent focaccia every time, I’ve found:

  • Allowing the dough to rest 18 to 24 hours in the fridge yields the best results.
  • The amount of yeast doesn’t really matter.
  • A buttered or parchment-lined pan in addition to the olive oil will prevent sticking. I’ve been baking the focaccia in two 9-inch Pyrex pie plates. Butter + oil is essential to prevent sticking. I also love my 9×13-inch USA Pan for this one.
  • Count on 2 to 4 hours for the second rise.
  • After the second rise, dimple the dough, then immediately stick the pans in the oven — this has been a critical difference for me in terms of keeping those desirable crevices. If you dimple and let the dough rise again even for 20 minutes before popping the pan in the oven, the crevices begin to dissolve. Note: The bread still tastes delicious without all of those crevices, but there’s something appetizing about the brain-like appearance … or is that just me?

Friends, the above video shows how to bake the focaccia in a 9×13-inch USA Pan and the below photo play-by-play offers the same instruction but for glass Pyrex pie plates. With my USA Pan, I do not need to butter before it before I oil it; with my Pyrex pie plates, butter is essential to prevent sticking. As always, I am here if you have questions.

PS: Simple Sourdough Pizza

PPS: Foolproof Homemade Bialys: A Step by Step Guide

PPPS: Easy, Homemade Pita Bread Recipe

A crumb shot of freshly baked focaccia.

How to Make Focaccia, Step by Step

Gather your ingredients: 4 cups (512 g) flour, 2 teaspoons salt, 2 teaspoons instant yeast:

Flour, salt, and yeast stirred together in a large bowl.

Add 2 cups lukewarm water:

Flour, salt, yeast and water in a large bowl.

Mix dough:

Focaccia dough all stirred together.

Cover bowl. You all have one of these, right? Stick bowl in the fridge immediately; leave it there to rise for 12 to 18 hours (or longer—I’ve left it there for two days).

Dough covered with a Dot and Army cloth bowl cover, ready to rise.

Remove from fridge, and remove cover:

Dough removed from the refrigerator after 18 hours.

Deflate dough:

Focaccia dough deflated using two forks.

Butter or line with parchment paper two 8- or 9-inch pie plates or something similar; then pour a tablespoon of olive oil into each. (The butter/parchment will ensure the bread doesn’t stick.) Divide the dough in half and place each half into the prepare pans. Use your hands to turn the dough in the oil, creating a rough ball. Don’t touch the dough again for 2 to 4 hours depending on your environment.

Focaccia dough transferred to greased pie plates, ready to make another rise.

When the dough looks like this…

Focaccia dough, after 3 hours, ready to be dimpled.

…pour another tablespoon of olive oil over each round, and using your fingers, press straight down to create deep dimples. Sprinkle with flaky sea salt, such as Maldon.

Focaccia dough dimpled with fingers, drizzled with olive oil, sprinkled with sea salt.

Transfer to oven immediately and bake at 425ºF for 25 minutes or until golden all around.

Overnight, refrigerator focaccia bread, just out of the oven.

Focaccia brain.

Up close shot of overnight, refrigerator focaccia bread, freshly baked.
Overnight, refrigerator focaccia bread, resting on a cutting board.
Overnight, refrigerator focaccia bread, resting on a cooling rack.

Remove focaccia from pans and place on cooling racks.

Overnight, refrigerator focaccia bread, cooled and ready to be cut.
Overnight, refrigerator focaccia bread, cooled and sliced.
Overnight, refrigerator focaccia bread, halved crosswise to reveal the crumb.
Just-baked focaccia on a board.
Focaccia slab sandwiches.

Slab Sandwiches

One of my favorite thing to do with these rounds of focaccia (besides serving them with olive oil and dukkah) is to make a slab sandwich: simply halve the whole finished loaf of focaccia in half crosswise; fill it as you wish, close the sandwich; then slice and serve.

Here are three fun ideas:

  • Prosciutto, Arugula & Mozzarella:
  • Mashed Avocado, Pickled Beets and Turnips, Pea Shoots:
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Just baked focaccia.

The Best, Easiest Focaccia Bread Recipe


  • Author: Alexandra Stafford
  • Prep Time: 18 hours
  • Cook Time: 30 minutes
  • Total Time: 18 hours 30 minutes
  • Yield: 2 loaves
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Description

Cold, refrigerated dough is the secret to making delicious focaccia! Allowing the dough to rest 18 to 24 hours in the fridge yields the best result. This recipe requires only 5 minutes of hands-on time to stir together the flour, salt, instant yeast, and water. The focaccia will emerge from the oven pillowy and golden. 

Adapted from the focaccia recipe in Bread Toast Crumbs.

A few notes:

  • I’ve been baking the focaccia in two 9-inch Pyrex pie plates. Butter + oil is essential to prevent sticking.
  • Other pan options include: A 9×13-inch pan — do not split the dough in half, if you use this option, which will create a thicker focaccia (I love this USA pan for this one). A 13×18-inch rimmed sheet pan — this creates a thinner focaccia, which is great for slab sandwiches.
  • As always, for best results, use a digital scale to measure the flour.
  • I love SAF instant yeast. I buy it in bulk, transfer it to a quart storage container, and store it in my fridge for months. You can store it in the freezer also.
  • If you are using active-dry yeast, simply sprinkle the yeast over the lukewarm water and let it stand for 15 minutes or until it gets foamy; then proceed with the recipe. 
  • Flour: You can use all-purpose or bread flour here with great results. If you live in a humid environment, I would suggest using bread flour. If you are in Canada or the UK, also consider using bread flour or consider holding back some of the water. Reference the video for how the texture of the bread should look; then add water back as needed.
  • Plan ahead: While you certainly could make this more quickly, it turns out especially well if you mix the dough the day before you plan on baking it. The second rise, too, takes 2 to 4 hours.

Ingredients

  • 4 cups (512 g) all-purpose flour or bread flour, see notes above
  • 2 teaspoons (10 g) kosher salt
  • 2 teaspoons (8 g) instant yeast, see notes above if using active dry
  • 2 cups (455 g) lukewarm water, made by combining 1/2 cup boiling water with 1 1/2 cups cold water
  • butter for greasing
  • 4 tablespoons olive oil, divided
  • flaky sea salt, such as Maldon

Instructions

  1. Make the dough: In a large bowl, whisk together the flour, salt, and instant yeast. Add the water. Using a rubber spatula, mix until the liquid is absorbed and the ingredients form a sticky dough ball. Rub the surface of the dough lightly with olive oil. Cover the bowl with a damp tea towel or plastic wrap and place in the refrigerator immediately for at least 12 hours.
  2. Line two 8- or 9-inch pie plates or a 9×13-inch pan (see notes above) with parchment paper or grease with butter or coat with nonstick cooking spray. (Note: This greasing step may seem excessive, but with some pans, it is imperative to do so to prevent sticking. With my USA pans, I can get away with olive oil alone; with my glass baking dishes, butter is a must.)
  3. Pour a tablespoon of oil into the center of each pan or 2 tablespoons of oil if using the 9×13-inch pan. Using two forks, deflate the dough by releasing it from the sides of the bowl and pulling it toward the center. Rotate the bowl in quarter turns as you deflate, turning the mass into a rough ball. Use the forks to split the dough into two equal pieces (or do not split if using the 9×13-inch pan). Place one piece into one of the prepared pans. Roll the dough ball in the oil to coat it all over, forming a rough ball. Repeat with the remaining piece. Let the dough balls rest for 3 to 4 hours depending on the temperature of your kitchen.
  4. Set a rack in the middle of the oven and preheat it to 425°F. Pour another tablespoon of oil over each round of dough. Rub your hands lightly in the oil to coat, then, using all of your fingers, press straight down to create deep dimples. If necessary, gently stretch the dough as you dimple to allow the dough to fill the pan. Sprinkle with flaky sea salt all over.
  5. Transfer the pans to the oven and bake for 25 to 30 minutes, until the underside is golden and crisp. Remove the pans from the oven and transfer the focaccia to cooling racks. Let it cool for 10 minutes before cutting and serving; let it cool completely if you are halving it with the intention of making a sandwich.
  • Category: Bread
  • Method: Oven
  • Cuisine: Italian

Keywords: bread, focaccia, overnight, refrigerator, cold, dough